In Photoshop CC 2017 (also CC 2015), renaming a layer or layer group after using the layer filter option causes the programme to crash. It only happens after you've switched the toggle off (so you are no longer in filter mode) and then rename a layer. It doesn't have to be directly after either. You can preform a number of tasks first (edit artwork/text, move/delete a layer etc.) and then rename the layer and it will still crash.
The issue seems to clear up after an unspecified amount of time or possibly a certain amount of operations preformed
I've been able to recreate this bug every time I've attempted it.